Pilates strengthens the body in an even way, with particular emphasis on core strength to improve general fitness and wellbeing. Pilates exercises are primarily done on a mat similar to Yoga. .
Pilates was developed by German-born Joseph Pilates, who believed mental and physical health were closely connected. His method was influenced by western forms of exercise, including gymnastics, boxing and Greco-Roman wrestling. Pilates immigrated to the US in the 1920s and opened a studio in New York, where he taught his method – which he called contrology – for several decades.